stratospheric injection


Format 1: 132 x 202 cm / 52 x 79.5 in, edition of 6 + 2 AP
Format 2: 67 x 102 cm / 26.3 x 40.2 in, edition of 6 + 2 AP
Hybrid photography, archival pigment print, aludibond, diasec, custom-made wood/ aluminium frame

Almost all the energy that influences the Earth’s climate hits the Earth as radiant energy from the sun. The planet and its atmosphere absorb and reflect solar radiation and the balance between absorbed and radiated energy determines the global average temperature. What’s known as radiative forcing is one of the parameters that show how the energy balance of the Earth and its atmosphere is changing. Greenhouse gases, aerosols and changes to the Earth’s surface such as albedo changes in polar regions are leading to a rise in global temperatures with dramatic consequences for human civilisation. Scientists are investigating novel technologies to reflect more sunlight back into space through targeted aerosol injections in the atmosphere. Such solar radiation management (SRM) would slow down the rise of the Earth’s temperature until global carbon dioxide emissions could be sufficiently reduced. Studies show that a global cooling of the planet by around one degree Celsius is possible. It has long been known that volcanic eruptions can change the planet’s climate for months at a time as billions of tiny particles (aerosols) that reflect sunlight are dispersed in the atmosphere. The extremely cold summer of 1816 in China, Europe and North America is attributed to the enormous eruption of the Indonesian volcano Tambora in 1815; this was enough to lower the global temperature by up to 2 degrees Celsius. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991 cooled the Earth by about 0.5 degrees Celsius. After the eruption of the Krakatau volcano in Indonesia in 1883 average global temperatures dropped by one degree Celsius for the next five years. Scientists and researchers are increasingly discussing the possibility of mimicking a volcanic eruption to at least temporarily abate global warming. However, such technologies also carry high risks for the global weather system.

The artwork “stratospheric injection” visualises the themes of the Earth that is becoming ever hotter together with the technology of solar radiation management. The picture is based on a nocturnal long exposure photographed during the Fagradalsfjall volcanic eruption in Iceland in March 2021. Set in an undulating hilly landscape, a seething volcano catapults lava, gases and particles high into the air. The sky has turned a deep orange, the atmosphere seems thick and impenetrable. As a massive source of energy, the sun has taken a central position at the upper edge of the picture. The composition of the picture leads the viewer on an implied path at the lower edge of the picture directly into the glowing landscape. The artist himself walked this path to the rim of the volcano’s crater. The work shows a Dantesque inferno for humanity that is becoming increasingly likely the longer we ignore the consequences of climate change and fail to act.


Personally liable:
Michael Najjar

Design concept & coding: Matthias Hübner,
with support by Marco Land

Accountability for content
The contents of our pages have been created with the utmost care. However, we cannot guarantee the contents' accuracy, completeness or topicality. According to statutory provisions, we are furthermore responsible for our own content on these web pages. In this context, please note that we are accordingly not obliged to monitor merely the transmitted or saved information of third parties, or investigate circumstances pointing to illegal activity. Our obligations to remove or block the use of information under generally applicable laws remain unaffected by this as per §§ 8 to 10 of the Telemedia Act (TMG).

Accountability for links
Responsibility for the content of external links (to web pages of third parties) lies solely with the operators of the linked pages. No violations were evident to us at the time of linking. Should any legal infringement become known to us, we will remove the respective link immediately.

Our web pages and their contents are subject to German copyright law. Unless expressly permitted by law (§ 44a et seq. of the copyright law), every form of utilizing, reproducing or processing works subject to copyright protection on our web pages requires the prior consent of the respective owner of the rights. Unauthorized utilization of copyrighted works is punishable (§ 106 of the copyright law).

Our newsletter

With our newsletter we inform you about us and our offers and events, art fair participations and exhibitions in galleries, museums and art institutions. If you register for our newsletter, we will save your e-mail address, first name(s) and last name, as well as any information you choose to provide on a purely voluntary basis. If you do not wish to consent to this, you can unsubscribe by using the link at the end of every newsletter.

You can revoke your consent to the storage of your data, e-mail address and the use of your data to send the newsletter at any time. This revocation can be effected by notifying us:

In the course of the further development of our website, changes to this privacy policy may become necessary. We therefore recommend that you reread this data protection statement from time to time.